Depicted in the image is the Temple of Jupiter. Though little is left of this structure, it was well known in the middle ages. Before it could be built, a massive leveling project was undertaken. It was during this time that the skull was found that gave the name to the Capitoline Hill and was also thought to be an omen of Rome's sovereignty. Much of the extensive foundation work is evident today. It was originally dedicated in 509 BCE, the beginning of the Roman republic. The temple was decorated with terra cotta sculptures. The temple was rebuilt several times, though destruction started in 5th century AD with vandalism. In the 16th century, the Caffarelli built their palace on the ruins.