Atlanta, Georgia is a hub of commerce and culture, central to its state rankings of fourth for total number for creative industry employees and eleventh in total number of creative industries per capita. Atlanta is home to hundreds of non-profit arts organizations including the world renowned Woodruff Arts Center. Within the city limits, at the heart of all this industry, sits the Atlanta Public School (APS) district. The goal of this thesis is to determine the state of access to art education for students in the APS since the implementation of the High School Transformation Initiative (HSTI) from 2005-2011, a specially designed program for structural reform which divided existing schools into smaller, theme-based, learning centers. A case study revealed an inequality of access to arts education in APS high schools as a result of the HSTI. This thesis places emphasis on the relationship between equal access to arts education in APS and the potential impact of that access on arts participation in the larger community.