Ancient people of Japan not only illustrated religious, literary and historical scenes for the aristocracy but also bestiary and morality tales for children. Animals have always been used to teach children, and are even used today, but they are presented and interpreted in different ways. They are used as archetypes that convey moral sensibilities of good and evil. Also, artists created dissimilar creatures and illustrated various stories to reflect the society at different periods of times. This revealed in emaki as well as today’s picture books and manga.