The research in this thesis focuses on the topic of United States visual artist resale royalties. The thesis states: There is a need for increased knowledge on United States visual artist resale royalties crucial to the contemporary arts field that may be gathered by comparing the current California Resale Royalty Act (CRRA) system to that of the SAG-AFTRA system in place for performance artists who receive residual income. This study situates itself within the context of the California Resale Royalty Act (CRRA) and the topic’s current significance based on the attention and controversy recently resurrected due to several high profile lawsuits since 2010. The thesis framework is based on the nature of U.S. resale royalties. There is only one state with a system legislated for visual artists and the system has rapidly aged, currently lending itself to controversy and legal action. The study is based on the idea that there is a contemporary need to form and initiate a strong and well-balanced understanding of U.S. visual artist resale royalties and the only system administering them, the CRRA. The research uses interpretive histories for the CRRA and SAG-AFTRA’s residual system. The study states that the two systems are different, but have the same elementary purpose of providing secondary income to artists from their original work. Based on this notion, the primary research question is: What similarities and differences exist between the CRRA system and that of actors collecting residuals? With the main research question: Is the CRRA system working? The purpose of the inquiries is to bring to light the functionality of the systems for comparative analysis to be drawn in response to the research questions. The new data introduced in this thesis was gathered through a resale royalties survey to an audience of artists and arts professionals throughout the country as well as interviews with the California Arts Council and SAG-AFTRA who administer the systems being studied. Artists and arts professionals can utilize this thesis to form an understanding of the current royalty system in the United States and how and why it is singular and up against opposition. The research ultimately lends itself to glimpses into the future of visual artist resale royalties in the United States.