A Hijazi Architecture and Cultural Identity in AL-Ruwais, JEDDAH, Saudi Arabia: Development of Slum Settlement by Revival Architectural Heritage
Baeissa, Hani Mohammed
Savannah, Georgia: Savannah College of Art and Design
Thesis (M.Arch.) -- Architecture
Savannah College of Art and Design -- Department of Architecture
Bibliography: pages 139-140
"Urban heritage is one of the primary symbols of human evolution through history and reflects the capacity of human to overcome surrounding environment. Heritage means inherited civilization of predecessors. It is not limited to the language or literature or thought alone, but it also includes the physical and sentimental elements of the community together with thought, philosophy, religion, science, art and architecture in a society. Urban heritage is the container of urban civilization. Urban heritage records history and preserves identity of the city. The urban heritage contains many economic values and benefits as one of the sustainable resources of the city. It is a way to preserve the cultural, urban and social values of the city. Maintain the urban heritage is a feature of developed countries. The more countries developed culturally and economically, the more they took care of their urban heritage and worked to preserve it and protect it from loss. Slums in the cities emerged due to the neglect of historical buildings, which over time became slum areas. Jeddah has suffered from neglect of heritage buildings for a period. As a result, some of these areas have turned into slums. Al Ruwais is one of the areas that have been affected by neglect until part of it is turned into a random area. This thesis discusses how to revive the Hijazi heritage related to the city of Jeddah through the development of the slum area in Al Ruwais. The revival of the Hijazi heritage means buildings, culture, social customs and traditions, history. The aim is to educate people of the Hijaz culture. In addition to turning a slum area to become a history tourist interface of Jeddah.
Keywords: urban heritage, Al Ruwais, history, architecture, identity, cultural, historical buildings, Jeddah, revival
CHAIR: Huang, Hsu-Jen
PDF : 140 pages, illustrations (some color), maps, plans
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